Veterinary science is a medical profession that deals with the control
of disease in animals. A veterinarian or a doctor of animals' primary
responsibility is to look after the health and welfare of the animals.
It also includes the breeding and scientific handling of livestock.
Veterinarians can choose to work in urban areas, where the work would
mostly include the care and handling of domestic pets, or with the
government's animal husbandry departments.
The demand for veterinary doctors has increased tremendously.
More and more people are keeping pets, both for companionship and
protection, than ever before. Many more women, too, are entering this
Nature of Work
The job profile of veterinarians is probably much more than that of a
general physician or a surgeon.
They diagnose the disease; work to prevent and control animal
diseases; treat sick and injured animals; prevent the transmission of
the animal diseases to people and advise owners on proper care of the
pets and the livestock.
Approach in treatment can also vary according to different
animals. Those handling domestic pets have to keep in mind the owner's
attachment to the pet and provide individual attention and care.
In farm animal practice, vets are concerned not only with
treating animals which are owner's investment, but also with advising on
the well-being and productivity of the entire stock.
A veterinarian should have a genuine love for animals. Aptitude and
interest in the biological sciences are important. Scientific learning
and undertaking of animals is required.
Working with large animals requires physical stamina and quick
body reflexes to tackle the animal's moody behaviour. Other qualities
are:- ability to inspire confidence in animals; power of observation and
self-reliance; adaptability; indifference to the occasionally
disagreeable conditions of work; the ability for team work.
- College of Veterinary Science, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.
- College of Veterinary Science, Guwahati, Assam.
- College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Ranchi,
- Bihar Veterinary College, Patna, Bihar.
- College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Anand,
- Bombay Veterinary College, Mumbai, Maharashtra.
- College of Veterinary Science, Ludhiana, Punjab.
- College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner, Rajasthan.
- Madras Veterinary College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
- College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Mathura,
- College of Veterinary Science, Pantnagar, Uttar Pradesh.
- Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai.
- West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Calcutta.
Colleges, Institutions and Universities
Most veterinary surgeons develop a particular area of expertise.
- Private Practice:- Veterinary doctors in urban
areas can set up private practice to deal mainly with small or domestic
animals. This can be quite profitable, especially in big cities, but
tends to get restricted to canine and feline pets.
- Hospitals:- Veterinary surgeons attached to
veterinary hospitals in cities may also find themselves handling mainly
domestic pets. But the government postings could also be in rural areas
where responsibilities extend to cattle, sheep, goats, horses, poultry,
- Extension Officers:- Veterinary doctors are
required for extension programmes, i.e. they educate and encourage
livestock farmers to build up the quality of their animal stock. They
also advise on animal farm management and animal health problems.
- Dairy Sector:- The veterinarian doctors
employed by the dairy sector work at ensuring increasing yields in milk
production, and also the health and breeding of dairy cattle.
- Pharmaceutical Companies:- Veterinarians are
employed in the pharmaceutical companies where they handle the
production of vaccines, or the development of animal feeds and
- Wildlife and Environment:- Vets play an
important role in captive breeding of wild animals, particularly those
feared to be getting extinct. This helps in maintaining the ecological
balance and in catering to the health of wild animals.
Within the veterinary field itself, there are several career options.
After a student graduates as a vet, he/she can opt for a Post Graduation
or Ph.D. in specialized areas like surgery, andrology or medicine, or
take up the job of a livestock development officer. Other than these, a
vet can also join dairy and poultry farms as a doctor or become a
marketing officer for a pharmaceutical company.
Wildlife and zoo veterinarians promote natural ecology and cater
to the health problems in wildlife in zoos, national parks and wildlife
Army veterinarians can work as officers of the Remount Veterinary
In India, an average vet makes anything between Rs.10,000 to Rs.80,000
per month. This depends upon the kind of practice and the animals that