| Answer: A broad range of career opportunities exists for instrumentation engineers in sales, management, technical projects, and research and development. They can be employed in power plants, steel plants, fertilizer plants, chemical plants, refineries, cement manufacturing plants. Can be employed in R&D laboratories and defence establishments also.
The primary focus of instrumentation engineering is the development and implementation of electrical and electronic instruments for the purpose of measuring, monitoring, and recording physical phenomena. Among many other types of instruments, instrumentation engineers develop seismic sensors, blood glucose sensors, fire detectors, and amperemeters.
Instruments developed by instrumentation engineers include analog, digital, and mixed signal electronic devices. Major users of these instruments include industries that rely on automated processes, such as chemical and manufacturing plants. They depend on these devices for safety, and for improving productivity and reliability. A very large field of work is also offered in biomedical engineering, and in metrology (the discipline that provides devices for technical measurements).
The scope of instrumentation engineering is vast, and appears to be growing, in part due to the increased use of automatic control in manufacturing and process plants. Growth is also tied to the development of more accurate and more robust sesnors, which allow us to detect phenomena of interest (such as the presence of minute levels of toxins in food) with much higher precision than what we could do a generation ago.
The Applied Electronics and Instrumentation curriculum in most universities includes courses on the design of analog and digital electronic devices used for measurement and control of parameters such as flow, pressure, temperature, and level, and the calibration of such instruments. Students learn to program microcontrollers, and to design and implement communication networks composed of sensors, actuators, and programmable logic controllers (PLC). Since instrumentation engineering is closely related to control engineering, some universities include courses on signals, systems, and control theory.
Some of the Institutes which offer M.tech in Instrumentation Engineering are:
- Kurukshetra University (AICTE Approved)
University Science Instrumentation Centre, Kurukshetra.
- Lingaya's Institute of Management & Technology (AICTE Approved)
- Maharishi Dayanand University (AICTE Approved)
Chotturam State College of Engineering, Murthal, Haryana
- University College Of Sciences & Technology (AICTE Approved)
(Status:University) 92, Apc Road, Calcutta 700009
- College Of Engineering Anna University(AICTE Approved)
Guindy Chennai 600 025 Tamil Nadu
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