Sports Coaching

Introduction

The language of sports is universal. No matter where you are from, if you have a basic understanding of any game, the adrenaline rush and excitement it brings as soon as you become engrossed in it, is basically the same. It doesn't matter whether you are actually participating in the game or among the crowds of other sports enthusiast doing the Mexican Wave or even just inside the comforts of your home being a usual couch potato self.

In India, sports fanaticism is likewise as common as with the rest of the world. Anyone who has been to an Indian cricket match will be left in no doubt that the nation is passionate about sports. Other popular sports in India include Football, Hockey, Lawn Tennis and Badminton. Although Hockey is the official sport of India, Cricket has become much more popular.

In common with much of Asia, India receives major European sporting events via satellite television although with less people gathered around televisions. Watching sport live in India is an incredibly social event.

It is not surprising therefore that more and more people in India are becoming interested in launching a career in sports. Academics from some of India's prominent universities say there are opportunities galore in the field. Universities and other educational institutions have also realized the importance of sports and physical education as a viable career option as well. Among the possible career options in sports are:

  • Physical Education Instructors
  • Sports Coach
  • Umpire or Referee
  • Professional Players
  • Sports Journalist

A career in coaching is fast becoming popular. There are coaches for each game and athletic event. Generally, the main job of a coach is to select potential players, give them instructions about the rules of the games, plan the precision of their movements, demonstrate techniques of the play, observe players in action and offer helpful criticism and corrective methods. They are also expected to accompany players during tournaments and provide the necessary guidance as well as boost up their player's morale.

A coach is also expected to strategise the game, to observe the opponent players, read their strategy and create a counter strategy. Coaching is also a mind game in that sense.

Nature of Work

Coaching comes when the coach has to analyze and develop training programs to help develop the athlete. This analysis process relies heavily on the coach's experience and knowledge of the sport and the athlete concerned. By understanding the science, which is the foundation of training, a well designed training program can be developed that will help an athlete reach their full potential.

Coaching comes when the coach has to analyze and develop training programs to help develop the athlete. This analysis process relies heavily on the coach's experience and knowledge of the sport and the athlete concerned. By understanding the science, which is the foundation of training, a well designed training program can be developed that will help an athlete reach their full potential.

The coaching philosophy must be precise and explained thoroughly to clarify many aspects of the coach's delivery and presents a consistent and positive message to the athletes being coached. One of the strongest benefits arising from a consistent and sincere approach to coaching is trust. A strong bond between coach and athlete leads to higher levels of commitment and athletic performance. With that in mind it is the wise coach that takes the time to think through and formalize his or her personal coaching philosophy.

A coach must be able to encourage his players to learn, to believe in what he's teaching them and to help the players always stay optimistic. There should never be an assumption that any of the new athletes can understand or perform what he is trying to teach them.

To start with, an evaluation should be done in order to determine the potential player's physical and mental abilities. Subsequently, the coach should then try and raise the athlete's ability by skill work and techniques on the field and using classroom work off of the field. The trust that will be developing between the coach and athlete during this time will encourage the player to believe in the coach's teachings. In the same manner, it is important that players know that their coach has their best interest in mind.

Similarly, a coach must know the rudimentary of Sports Psychology. The increased stress of competitions can cause athletes to react both physically and mentally in such a way that it can negatively affect their performance. For this reason, the coach should be able to know the techniques that athletes can use in the competitive situation to maintain control and optimize their performance.

The objective should always be to create an environment in which all players, including the least gifted athlete to the most gifted athlete, develop a mindset that they are all an important part of the team.

The coach should also consider individual differences, particularly in the manner and rate each athlete learns. Some players will learn by memorizing the material written on the board. Others will learn orally and still others can only learn by hands on experience. It is up to the coach to show these presentations and drills to the team and decide what avenue of teaching is best for each player. The coach should then be able to make improvements in his athlete's abilities by coaching and showing them where they can advance and improve their skills.

It is also very crucial that the coach keep his players on a positive mode, even after an error was made. One good technique is to sandwich a negative comment or correction between two positive statements. Usually a player knows when he has made an error, so it's up to the coach to focus on the positive to help the player get over the negative. This will help keep the athlete from beating himself up about his error.

The coaching philosophy must be precise and explained thoroughly to clarify many aspects of the coach's delivery and presents a consistent and positive message to the athletes being coached. One of the strongest benefits arising from a consistent and sincere approach to coaching is trust. A strong bond between coach and athlete leads to higher levels of commitment and athletic performance. With that in mind it is the wise coach that takes the time to think through and formalize his or her personal coaching philosophy

A coach must be able to encourage his players to learn, to believe in what he's teaching them and to help the players always stay optimistic. There should never be an assumption that any of the new athletes can understand or perform what he is trying to teach them.

To start with, an evaluation should be done in order to determine the potential player's physical and mental abilities. Subsequently, the coach should then try and raise the athlete's ability by skill work and techniques on the field and using classroom work off of the field. The trust that will be developing between the coach and athlete during this time will encourage the player to believe in the coach's teachings. In the same manner, it is important that players know that their coach has their best interest in mind.

Similarly, a coach must know the rudimentary of Sports Psychology. The increased stress of competitions can cause athletes to react both physically and mentally in such a way that it can negatively affect their performance. For this reason, the coach should be able to know the techniques that athletes can use in the competitive situation to maintain control and optimize their performance.

The objective should always be to create an environment in which all players, including the least gifted athlete to the most gifted athlete, develop a mindset that they are all an important part of the team.

The coach should also consider individual differences, particularly in the manner and rate each athlete learns. Some players will learn by memorizing the material written on the board. Others will learn orally and still others can only learn by hands on experience. It is up to the coach to show these presentations and drills to the team and decide what avenue of teaching is best for each player. The coach should then be able to make improvements in his athlete's abilities by coaching and showing them where they can advance and improve their skills.

It is also very crucial that the coach keep his players on a positive mode, even after an error was made. One good technique is to sandwich a negative comment or correction between two positive statements. Usually a player knows when he has made an error, so it's up to the coach to focus on the positive to help the player get over the negative. This will help keep the athlete from beating himself up about his error.

Personality

An effective coach is required to always be enthusiastic and physically fit. Hence he should adhere to continuous physical training and maintain a positive attitude in general.

He should likewise be absolutely committed to the profession and the game and not just stay because of the remuneration or prestige that he will be getting.

Other equally important credentials that a coach must have are:

  • Several years of experience and training
  • Patience, perseverance and a sporting spirit
  • Communication and business skills
  • Psychomotor and physical conditioning
  • Understanding of how the mind and body works
  • Good organizational skills

Professional Courses

To start a career in coaching, one must be equipped with the right educational and training background. Nowadays, there are several institutions in India that offers such courses/degree.

For those wanting to undergo a formal education in sports,

  • Laxmibai National College of Physical Education at Gwalior and Thiruvanthapuram
  • Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Delhi
conduct Bachelor's and Master's degree courses in physical education, sports medicine and research in sports.

Other institutes that impart sports education include:

  • Punjab University, Chandigarh
  • Gujarat University, Ahmedabad
  • Bangalore University
  • University of Calcutta
  • University of Delhi
  • Benares Hindu University.

Osmania University, also offers physical education courses in both under-graduate and post-graduate levels. There are also Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar and Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education (LNIPE), Gwalior.

Some of the institutions that specifically offer a Diploma in Coaching are:

  • Netaji Subhash National Institute of Sports, Montibagh, Patiala Punjab
  • National Sports East Centre, Salt Lake City, Sector-III, Calcutta, West Bengal
  • National Sports West Centre, Sports Complex. Sector-15, Gandhinagar, Gujarat

Colleges, Institutions and Universities

State City College/Institute/University Degree/Course Name Course Duration Eligibility
Andhra Pradesh Visakhapatnam Osmania University B.Phy Ed. 1 Year 10+2
Tripura Agartala Tripura University B.Phy Ed. 1 Year 10+2
Chandigarh Chandigarhtd Punjab University B.Phy Ed. 1 Year 10+2
Chandigarh Chandigarh Punjab University B.Ed. (Yoga) 1 Year Graduation
Chandigarh CHandigarh Punjab University MA(Phy.Ed.) 2 Years B.Phy.Ed./PG Diploma in Phy.Ed.
Delhi New Delhi Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Scienes Masters (Phy.Ed.) 1 Year Graduation
Delhi New Delhi Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Scienes PG Diploma in Phy.Ed. 1 Year Graduation
Delhi New Delhi University of Delhi PG Course(Sports) - M.Phy.Ed. 1 Year Graduation
Delhi New Delhi Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Scienes Graduate Course by Sports Authority of India (SAI) - B.Sc.(Health and Phy.Ed. & Sports) 3 Years 10+2
Delhi New Delhi Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Scienes PG Courses by Sports Authority of India (SAI) - B.Sc.(Health and Phy.Ed. & Sports) 2 Years Graduation
Gujarat Ahmedabad Gurjarat Vidyapeeth Graduate Course in Sports (B.Phy.Ed.) 3 Years Graduation
Gujarat Surat South Gujarat University M.Phy.Ed.(PG Course in Sports) 2 Years Graduation
Gujarat Gandhinagar SAI National Sports Diploma Courses in Coaching Various Durations Graduation
Haryana Rohtak Maharishi Dayanand University PG Course in Sports (M.Phy.Ed.) 2 Years Graduation
Haryana Kurukshetra Kurukshetra University PG Course in Sports (M.Phy.Ed.) 2 Years Graduation in Phy.Ed.
Karnataka Bangalore Bangalore University Graduate Course in Sports (B.Phy.Ed.) 1 Year Graduation
Karnataka Mysore University of Mysore Graduate Course in Sports (B.Phy.Ed.) 1 Year Graduation
Karnataka Gulbarga Gulbarga University Graduate Course in Sports (B.Phy.Ed.) 1 Year Graduation
Karnataka Dharwad Karnataka University Graduate Course in Sports (B.Phy.Ed.) 1 Year Graduation
Karnataka Bangalore Bangalore University PG Course in Sports (M.Phy.Ed.) 1 Year Graduation with B.Phy.Ed.
Karnataka Gulbarga Gulbarga University PG Course in Sports (M.Phy.Ed.) 1 Year Graduation with B.PhyEd.
Karnataka Bangalore SAI National Sports Diploma Courses in Sports Coaching Various Durations Graduation

Career Prospects

Trained coaches are in demand at all the training centers set up by the Sports Authority of India (SAI) and by state and central sports bodies. Coaches can also find openings in sports clubs, schools and colleges and as in-house coaches for corporate sports teams.

With general awareness about sports arising, there is a growing demand for good professional coaches to coach kids of 5-18 years old. There are numerous after-school coaching sessions being run at various schools, stadium, playground to impart professional training in a sports of one's choice.

Remunerations

While employed in schools/colleges, one can expect a regular TGT or PGT salary as per the Govt. norms and scales, there is an ample opportunities to make extra money by running coaching sessions after the regular job hours.

For a professional coach for a professional team, there are no limits.